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不确定性环境下维纳模型的随机变分贝叶斯学习

刘切 李俊豪 王浩 曾建学 柴毅

刘切, 李俊豪, 王浩, 曾建学, 柴毅. 不确定性环境下维纳模型的随机变分贝叶斯学习. 自动化学报, 2022, 48(x): 1−14 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210925
引用本文: 刘切, 李俊豪, 王浩, 曾建学, 柴毅. 不确定性环境下维纳模型的随机变分贝叶斯学习. 自动化学报, 2022, 48(x): 1−14 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210925
Liu Qie, Li Jun-Hao, Wang Hao, Zeng Jian-Xue, Chai Yi. Stochastic variational bayesian learning of wiener model in the presence of uncertainty. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2022, 48(x): 1−14 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210925
Citation: Liu Qie, Li Jun-Hao, Wang Hao, Zeng Jian-Xue, Chai Yi. Stochastic variational bayesian learning of wiener model in the presence of uncertainty. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2022, 48(x): 1−14 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210925

不确定性环境下维纳模型的随机变分贝叶斯学习

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210925
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2021YFB1715000), 国家自然科学基金(61903051, U2034209)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘切:重庆大学自动化学院副教授. 2016年获得北京化工大学控制科学与工程专业博士学位. 主要研究方向为人工智能及其 在复杂过程的控制和优化中的应用. 本文通信作者. E-mail: qieliu@cqu.edu.cn

    李俊豪:重庆大学自动化学院硕士研究生. 2020年获得西安理工大学自动化学院学士学位. 主要研究方向为系统辨识与人工智能. E-mail: 202013021042@cqu.edu.cn

    王浩:重庆大学自动化学院硕士研究生. 2021年获得安徽师范大学物理与电子信息学院学士学位. 主要研究方向为模型预测与人工智能. E-mail: 202113021007@cqu.edu.cn

    曾建学:重庆大学自动化学院硕士研究生. 2018年获得华北科技学院电子信息工程学院学士学位. 主要研究方向为容器技术与人工智能. E-mail: lc9zjx@126.com

    柴毅:重庆大学自动化学院教授. 2001年获得重庆大学博士学位. 主要研究方向为信息融合, 故障诊断, 智能控制系统. E-mail: chaiyi@cqu.edu.cn

Stochastic Variational Bayesian Learning of Wiener Model in the Presence of Uncertainty

Funds: Supported by National Key Research and Development Project(2021YFB1715000), National Natural Science Foundation of China (61903051, U2034209)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    LIU Qie Associate professor at the Department of Automation, Chongqing University. He received his Ph. D. degree from the Beijing University of Chemical Technology in 2016. His main research interests covers artificial intelligence and its applications on the control and optimization of complex processes. Corresponding author of this paper

    LI Jun-Hao A graduate student in Control Scienceand Engineering with Chongqing University. He received his bachelor's degree from Xi' an University of Technology in 2020. His main research interests covers system identification, and artificial intelligence

    WANG Hao A graduate student in Control Science and Engineering with Chongqing University. He received his bachelor's degree from Anhui Normal University of Physics and Electronic in 2021. His main research interests covers model prediction, and artificial intelligence

    ZENG Jian-Xue A graduate student in Control Scienceand Engineering with Chongqing University. He received his bachelor's degree from North China Institute Of Science And Technology in 2018. His main research interests covers container, and artificial intelligence

    CHAI Yi Professor at the College of Automation, Chongqing University. He received his Ph. D. degree from Chongqing University in 2001. His research interest covers information fusion, fault diagnosis, and intelligent control system

  • 摘要: 多重不确定性环境下的非线性系统辨识是一个开放问题.贝叶斯学习在描述、处理不确定性方面具有显著优势, 已在线性系统辨识方面得到广泛应用, 但在非线性系统辨识的应用较少, 面临概率估计复杂、计算量大等困难.本文针对上述问题, 以典型维纳非线性过程为对象, 提出基于随机变分贝叶斯的非线性系统辨识方法.首先对过程噪声、测量噪声以及参数不确定性进行概率描述;然后利用随机变分贝叶斯方法对模型参数进行后验估计.在估计过程中, 利用随机优化思想, 仅利用部分中间变量概率信息估计模型参数分布的自然梯度期望, 与利用所有中间变量概率信息估计模型参数比较, 显著降低了计算复杂性.该方法是首次在系统辨识领域中的应用.本文利用一个仿真实例和一个维纳模型的Benchmark问题, 证明了该方法在对大规模数据系统辨识时的有效性.
  • 图  1  维纳模型结构示意图

    Fig.  1  The structure of Wiener models

    图  2  SVBI中目标函数的更新示意图

    Fig.  2  The update process of the objective function in SVBI

    图  3  参数的收敛状况

    Fig.  3  Convergence of identified parameters

    图  4  下界函数的收敛过程

    Fig.  4  Convergence process of the lower bound function

    图  5  预测输出与实际输出

    Fig.  5  Comparison of predicted output with actual output

    图  6  系统预测输出与实际输出

    Fig.  6  Predicted output and actual output of the system

    表  1  不同子采样数据点对应的参数辨识情况

    Table  1  Identification of parameters corresponding to different sub-sampling data points

    $ \langle \theta _0 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _1 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _2 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _3 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _4 \rangle $ $ \langle \lambda _0 \rangle $ $ \langle \lambda _1 \rangle $ $ \langle \lambda _2 \rangle $ 时间(s)
    真实值 1 −0.5 0.25 −0.125 0.0625 0 1 1
    采样1个点 1±0 −0.5463±0.3604 0.2507±0.2471 −0.2446±0.2655 0.0358±0.2882 0.5434±0.4180 0.6625±0.2907 0.3803±0.2185 0.6005
    采样5% 1±0 −0.5060±0.0330 0.2693±0.0497 −0.1252±0.0323 0.0633±0.0323 0.0908±0.2707 0.9871±0.1480 0.9103±0.1246 3.1829
    采样10% 1±0 −0.5055±0.0248 0.2571±0.02567 −0.1341±0.0255 0.0594±0.0256 0.0631±0.0504 0.9684±0.0498 0.9499±0.0459 7.7402
    采样20% 1±0 −0.5077±0.0204 0.2544±0.0202 −0.1287±0.0289 0.0659±0.0291 0.0575±0.0540 0.9813±0.0518 0.9574±0.0451 11.4620
    采样全部 1±0 −0.5078±0.0278 0.2541±0.0283 −0.1299±0.0271 0.0685±0.0246 0.0777±0.0726 0.9439±0.1183 0.9252±0.1326 9.0772
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同异常值存在时的参数辨识情况

    Table  2  Parameter identification when different outliers exist

    $ \langle \theta _0 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _1 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _2 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _3 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _4 \rangle $ $ \langle \theta _5 \rangle $ 时间(s)
    真实值 1 −0.5 0.25 −0.125 0.0625 −0.03125
    无异常值 1±0 −0.4989±0.0292 0.2495±0.0293 −0.1254±0.0223 0.0611±0.0257 −0.0338±0.0262 2.9369
    2%异常值 1±0 −0.5097±0.0389 0.2672±0.0497 −0.1305±0.0426 0.0652±0.0452 −0.0291±0.0494 2.9480
    5%异常值 1±0 −0.5060±0.0330 0.2693±0.0497 −0.1252±0.0323 0.0633±0.0323 −0.0314±0.0523 3.1829
    10%异常值 1±0 −0.5349±0.0325 0.2627±0.0323 −0.1314±0.033 0.0685±0.0389 −0.0377±0.0355 2.9057
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同辨识方法的性能比较

    Table  3  Performance comparison of different recognition methods

    $ b_0 $ $ a_1 $ $ \langle \lambda _0 \rangle(\lambda_0) $ $ \langle \lambda _1 \rangle(\lambda_1) $ $ \langle \lambda _2 \rangle(\lambda_2) $ 均方误差 时间(s)
    真实值 1 0.5 0 1 1
    无异常值 SVBI 0.0648±0.062 0.9633±0.0509 0.9766±0.0626 0.9136 2.9369
    VBEM 0.0503±0.0346 0.9411±0.0393 0.9655±0.0459 0.8978 9.7046
    MLE 1±0 0.5102±0.0136 0.1054±0.0405 1.0154±0.0464 0.949±0.0411 0.913 9.0350
    PEM 1±0 0.4948±0.0172 0.0828±0.0524 0.9905±0.0373 1.0072±0.0449 0.9132 0.6474
    $ 5\, \% $异常值 SVBI 0.0575±0.054 0.9813±0.052 0.9573±0.045 5.454 2.9352
    VBEM 0.0503±0.0411 0.977±0.0532 0.9748±0.0518 3.8695 9.7709
    MLE 1±0 0.415±0.0711 -0.9407±0.1253 1.0019±0.1839 1.3715±0.1895 3.9574 9.6693
    PEM 1±0 0.4999±0.0549 0.1072±0.1871 0.9646±0.1926 0.9878±0.1558 3.8374 0.6580
    $ 10\, \% $异常值 SVBI 0.1439±0.1065 0.9163±0.0924 0.8416±0.0924 7.5364 2.9057
    VBEM 0.0556±0.0468 0.9711±0.0538 0.9568±0.0553 5.511 9.9245
    MLE
    PEM 1±0 0.4723±0.2004 0.1458±0.5211 0.9746±0.3091 1.003±0.3253 5.4992 0.6620
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  过程(52)部分参数辨识结果

    Table  4  The identification result of the part of the process (52)

    参数 $\theta_0$ $\theta_1$ $\theta_2$ $\theta_3$ $\theta_4$ $\theta_5$ $\theta_6$ $\theta_7$ $\theta_8$ $\theta_9$ $c_0$ $c_1$ $c_2$ $Q$ $R$
    结果值 −0.039 0.0648 −0.0547 0.0856 −0.0462 0.2613 0.0501 0.2041 0.3396 0.4154 −0.0188 0.1035 −0.003 0.0034 0.0014
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同方法的性能比较

    Table  5  Performance comparison of different methods

    采样点数 方法 均方误差(V) 参数个数 时间(s)
    2 000 SVBI 0.05695 25 256.12
    VBEM 0.06283 25 1211.27
    SVBI 0.03407 40 264.273
    VBEM 0.03425 40 1214.55
    10 000 SVBI 0.06179 25 1299.99
    VBEM 0.09334 25 6347.28
    SVBI 0.03385 40 1332.31
    VBEM 0.03404 40 6442.98
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-27
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