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端边云协同的氧化铝生产过程苛性碱浓度智能预报方法

高愫婷 柴天佑

高愫婷, 柴天佑. 端边云协同的氧化铝生产过程苛性碱浓度智能预报方法. 自动化学报, 2022, 45(x): 1−10 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c220227
引用本文: 高愫婷, 柴天佑. 端边云协同的氧化铝生产过程苛性碱浓度智能预报方法. 自动化学报, 2022, 45(x): 1−10 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c220227
Gao Su-Ting, Chai Tian-You. Intelligent forecasting method of caustic concentration in alumina production process based on end-edge-cloud coordination. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2022, 45(x): 1−10 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c220227
Citation: Gao Su-Ting, Chai Tian-You. Intelligent forecasting method of caustic concentration in alumina production process based on end-edge-cloud coordination. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2022, 45(x): 1−10 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c220227

端边云协同的氧化铝生产过程苛性碱浓度智能预报方法

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c220227
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重大项目(61991404, 61991400), 2020年度辽宁省科技重大专项计划(2020JH1/10100008)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    高愫婷:流程工业综合自动化国家重点实验室博士研究生.主要研究方向为复杂工业过程关键生产指标测量方法. E-mail: 2110266@stu.neu.edu.cn

    柴天佑:中国工程院院士, 东北大学教授. IEEE Fellow, IFAC Fellow, 欧亚科学院院士. 主要研究方向为自适应控制, 智能解耦控制, 流程工业综合自动化理论, 方法与技术. 本文通信作者. E-mail: tychai@mail.neu.edu.cn

Intelligent Forecasting Method of Caustic Concentration in Alumina Production Process Based on End-edge-cloud Coordination

Funds: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61991404, 61991400) and Science and Technology Major Project 2020 of Liaoning Province(2020JH1/10100008)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    Gao Su-Ting Ph.D. candidate at the State Key Laboratory of Synthetical Automation for Process Industries, Northeastern University. Her main research interest is measuring method of key production index in complex industrial process

    CHAI Tian-You Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, professor at Northeastern University, IEEE Fellow, IFAC Fellow, and academician of the International Eurasian Academy of Sciences. His research interests cover adaptive control, intelligent decoupling control, as well as theories, methods and technology of integrated automation of process industries. Corresponding author of this paper

  • 摘要: 苛性碱溶液浓度是氧化铝生产过程中的重要运行指标, 由于苛性碱溶液的温度和浓度频繁波动, 导致目前的浓度检测仪表检测精度低, 只能采用人工化验获得苛性碱浓度值, 化验结果的严重滞后导致无法实现苛性碱浓度的自动控制, 影响氧化铝产品质量. 在分析苛性碱溶液浓度控制过程动态特性的基础上建立了由线性模型和未知非线性动态系统描述的苛性碱浓度预报模型, 将参数辨识与自适应深度学习相结合, 提出端边云协同的氧化铝生产过程苛性碱浓度智能预报方法, 并采用氧化铝生产企业的实际生产数据对本文所提方法进行应用验证. 应用结果表明, 所提的苛性碱浓度智能预报方法可以实时、准确预报苛性碱浓度, 为实现苛性碱浓度的闭环运行优化控制创造了条件.
  • 图  1  苛性碱浓度运行控制流程图

    Fig.  1  Operation and control chart of caustic concentration

    图  2  端边云协同的苛性碱浓度智能预报结构

    Fig.  2  Intelligent forecasting structure of caustic concentration based on end-edge-cloud coordination

    图  3  $ \bar{v}(k) $深度学习模型结构

    Fig.  3  Deep learning model structure of $ \bar{v}(k) $

    图  4  验证误差MAE与$ n $的曲线

    Fig.  4  Validation MAE and $ n $

    图  5  验证误差MAE与$ \bar{h} $的曲线

    Fig.  5  Validation MAE and $ \bar{h} $

    图  6  验证误差MAE与$ N $的曲线

    Fig.  6  Validation MAE and $ N $

    图  7  苛性碱浓度预报方法实验结果

    Fig.  7  Experimental results of caustic concentration forecasting method

    表  1  验证误差与深度神经网络中LSTM单元层数

    Table  1  Validation error and the number of LSTM unit

    LSTM单元层数 1 2 3 4
    RMSE 1.28 1.14 1.17 1.20
    MAE 1.00 0.82 0.83 0.91
    MAPE 0.53 0.47 0.48 0.51
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  $ TP $$ FP $$ TN $$ FN $的计算方式

    Table  2  Formula of $ TP $$ FP $$ TN $ and $ FN $

    条件 $ \bar{v}(k) - \bar{v}(k - 1)\geq0 $ $ \bar{v}(k) - \bar{v}(k - 1)<0 $
    $ \hat{\bar{v}}(k) - \hat{\bar{v}}(k - 1)\geq 0 $ $ TP(k)=1 $ $ FN(k)=1 $
    $ \hat{\bar{v}}(k) - \hat{\bar{v}}(k - 1)< 0 $ $ FP(k)=1 $ $ TN(k)=1 $
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  苛性碱浓度预报效果

    Table  3  Forecasting result for caustic concentration

    方法 RMSE MAE
    本文方法 0.89 0.58
    线性模型 2.76 2.21
    深度学习模型 1.21 0.97
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  苛性碱浓度预报方法的精度指标

    Table  4  Accuracy index of forecasting method for caustic concentration

    方法 RMSE MAE TPR(%) TNR(%)
    浓度检测仪表 6.87 6.38 55.17 63.64
    离线预报模型 1.14 0.82 76.04 92.86
    在线预报模型 0.94 0.67 84.38 93.85
    本文方法 0.89 0.58 88.54 94.05
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-29
  • 录用日期:  2022-06-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-31

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