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基于深度学习的单幅图像超分辨率重建算法综述

李佳星 赵勇先 王京华

李佳星, 赵勇先, 王京华. 基于深度学习的单幅图像超分辨率重建算法综述. 自动化学报, 2021, x(x): 1−23 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190859
引用本文: 李佳星, 赵勇先, 王京华. 基于深度学习的单幅图像超分辨率重建算法综述. 自动化学报, 2021, x(x): 1−23 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190859
Li Jia-Xing, Zhao Yonag-Xian, Wang Jing-Hua. A review of single image super-resolution reconstruction algorithms based on deep learning. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, x(x): 1−23 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190859
Citation: Li Jia-Xing, Zhao Yonag-Xian, Wang Jing-Hua. A review of single image super-resolution reconstruction algorithms based on deep learning. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, x(x): 1−23 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190859

基于深度学习的单幅图像超分辨率重建算法综述

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190859
基金项目: 国防基础科研计划(JCKY2019411B001), “111”计划(D17017), 露泉创新基金(LQ-2020-01)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李佳星:长春理工大学机电工程学院硕士研究生. 主要研究方向为计算机视觉, 深度学习, 单幅图像超分辨率重建. E-mail: jiaxing4912@163.com

    赵勇先:中国科学院大学机械电子工程专业硕士研究生. 2020年获得长春理工大学学士学位. 主要研究生方向为计算机视觉和深度学习. E-mail: zyx_19980824@163.com

    王京华:长春理工大学机电工程学院讲师. 2010年获得哈尔滨工业大学博士学位. 主要研究方向为移动机器人, 无人系统, 智能控制. 本文通信作者. Email: hit1920s@163.com

A Review of Single Image Super-resolution Reconstruction Algorithms Based on Deep Learning

Funds: Supported by Defense Industrial Technology Development Program(JCKY2019411B001), the “111” Project of China (D17017) and Innovation Fundation of Luquan(LQ-2020-01).
  • 摘要: 单幅图像超分辨率重建是计算机视觉领域上的一个重要问题, 在安防视频监控、飞机航拍以及卫星遥感等方面具有重要的研究意义和应用价值. 近年来, 深度学习在图像分类、检测、识别等诸多领域中取得了突破性进展, 也推动着图像超分辨率重建技术的发展. 本文首先介绍单幅图像超分辨率重建的常用公共图像数据集; 然后重点阐述基于深度学习的单幅图像超分辨率重建方向的创新与进展; 最后讨论了单幅图像超分辨率重建方向上存在的困难和挑战, 并对未来的发展趋势进行了思考与展望.
  • 图  1  SRCNN网络结构[6]

    Fig.  1  The SRCNN network structure[6]

    图  2  超分辨率数据集示例

    Fig.  2  Examples of super-resolution datasets

    图  3  FSRCNN网络结构与SRCNN网络结构的对比[13]

    Fig.  3  Comparison of FSRCNN network structure and SRCNN network structure[13]

    图  4  FSRCNN网络卷积层与反卷积层的具体结构[13]

    Fig.  4  The concrete structure of convolution layer and deconvolution layer of FSRCNN network[13]

    图  5  VDSR网络结构[7]

    Fig.  5  The VDSR network structure[7]

    图  6  ESPCN网络结构[33]

    Fig.  6  The ESPCN network structure[33]

    图  7  RED-Net结构[34]

    Fig.  7  The RED-Net structure[34]

    图  8  MemNet网络结构[36]

    Fig.  8  The MemNet network structure[36]

    图  9  SRDenseNet网络结构[38]

    Fig.  9  The SRDenseNet network structure[38]

    图  10  RDN网络结构[40]

    Fig.  10  The RDN network structure[40]

    图  11  EDSR与WDSR网络结构的对比[41]

    Fig.  11  Comparison of EDSR network structure and SRCNN network structure[41]

    图  12  三种残差模块的对比[41]

    Fig.  12  Comparison of three residual blocks[41]

    图  13  NatSR网络结构[45]

    Fig.  13  The NatSR network structure[45]

    图  14  NMD结构[45]

    Fig.  14  The NMD structure[45]

    图  15  主流上采样方法

    (a) 预上采样SR网络 (b) 后上采样SR网络 (c) 渐进上采样SR网络 (d) 迭代上下采样SR网络

    Fig.  15  Mainstream upsampling methods

    (a) Pre-upscaling SR network (b) Post-upscaling SR network (c) Progressive upscaling SR network (d) Iterative up-and-down sampling network

    图  16  CinCGAN网络结构[61]

    Fig.  16  The CinCGAN network structure[61]

    图  17  CinCGAN中生成器与鉴别器的结构[61]

    Fig.  17  The structure of generator and discriminator in CinCGAN[61]

    图  18  ZSSR网络结构[77]

    Fig.  18  The ZSSR network structure[77]

    图  19  振铃效应

    Fig.  19  Ringing effect

    图  20  数码相机成像原理[82]

    Fig.  20  Principle of digital camera imaging[82]

    图  21  双卷积神经网络[82]

    Fig.  21  A dual convolutional neural network[82]

    图  22  图像恢复分支[82]

    Fig.  22  The image restoration branch[82]

    图  23  部分模型的主观视觉与PSNR的比较

    Fig.  23  Comparison of subjective vision and PSNR of partial models

    表  1  常用超分辨率训练数据集

    Table  1  Widely used Super-resolution training datasets

    数据集名称图像数量图像格式图像描述平均像素[31]平均分辨率
    BSDS200[15]200JPGBSDS500的子集用于训练154, 401(432, 370)
    T91[17]91PNG车、人脸、水果、花等58, 853(264, 204)
    General-100[13]100BMP人物、动物、日常景象等181, 108(435, 381)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  常用超分辨率测试数据集

    Table  2  Widely used Super-resolution testing datasets

    数据集名称图像数量图像格式图像描述平均像素平均分辨率
    Set14[11]14PNG人物、动物、自然景象230, 203(492, 446)
    BSDS100[15]100JPGBSDS500的子集用于测试154, 401(432, 370)
    Set5[10]5PNG人物、动物、昆虫等113, 491(313, 336)
    Urban100[12]100PNG建筑物774, 314(984, 797)
    Manga109[16]109PNG漫画966, 11(826, 1169)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  MOS评估准则

    Table  3  The MOS assessment

    分数绝对评估相对评估
    1图像质量非常差该组中最差
    2图像质量较差差于该组中平均水平
    3图像质量一般该组中的平均水平
    4图像质量较好好于该组中的平均水平
    5图像质量非常好该组中最好
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  部分网络模型在基准数据集Set5、Set14的平均PSNR对比

    Table  4  The average PSNR comparison of some network models on the Set5 and Set14 benchmark datasets

    Set5Set14
    方法×2×3×4×8×2×3×4×8
    Bicubic[2]33.6630.3928.4224.3930.2327.5426.0023.19
    SRCNN[6]36.6632.7530.4925.3332.4529.3027.5023.85
    VDSR[7]37.1032.8930.8425.7232.9729.7728.0324.21
    ESPCN[33]33.1330.9029.4927.73
    SRGAN[8]30.6426.92
    LapSRN[47]37.5233.8231.5426.1433.0829.8728.1924.44
    SRDenseNet[38]32.0228.50
    EDSR[43]38.2034.7632.6226.9634.0230.6628.9424.91
    EnhanceNet[44]31.7428.42
    DBPN[53]38.0932.4727.2133.8528.8225.13
    RCAN[55]38.3334.8532.7327.4734.2330.7628.9825.40
    SRMD[61]37.7934.1231.9633.3230.0428.35
    ZSSR[77]37.3733.4231.1333.0029.8028.01
    Meta-SR[72]34.0430.5528.84
    OISR[85]38.1234.5632.3333.8030.4628.73
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  部分网络模型在基准数据集Set5、Set14的平均SSIM对比

    Table  5  The comparison of average SSIM of partial network models on the Set5 and Set14 benchmark datasets

    Set5Set14
    方法×2×3×4×8×2×3×4×8
    Bicubic[2] 0.9299 0.8682 0.8104 0.657 0.8687 0.7736 0.7019 0.568
    SRCNN[6] 0.9542 0.9090 0.8628 0.689 0.9067 0.8215 0.7513 0.593
    VDSR[7] 0.9587 0.9213 0.8838 0.711 0.9124 0.8314 0.7674 0.609
    FSRCNN[13] 0.9558 0.9140 0.8657 0.682 0.9088 0.8242 0.7535 0.592
    SRGAN[8] 0.8472 0.7397
    LapSRN[47]0.959 0.9227 0.8850.7380.913 0.8320 0.7720.623
    SRDenseNet[38] 0.8934 0.7782
    EDSR[43] 0.9606 0.9290 0.8984 0.775 0.9204 0.8481 0.7901 0.640
    MemNet[36] 0.9597 0.9248 0.8893 0.7414 0.9142 0.8350 0.7723 0.6199
    DBPN[53]0.9600.8980.7840.9190.7860.648
    RCAN55] 0.9617 0.9305 0.9013 0.7913 0.9225 0.8494 0.7910 0.6553
    SRMD[61]0.9600.9250.8930.9150.8370.777
    ZSSR[77] 0.9570 0.9188 0.8796 0.9108 0.8304 0.7651
    Meta-SR[72] 0.9213 0.8466 0.7872
    OISR[85] 0.9609 0.9284 0.8968 0.9196 0.8450 0.7845
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  部分网络模型在基准数据集Set5、Set14和BSDS100的×4尺度上的MOS对比

    Table  6  The MOS comparison of some network models at ×4 of the benchmark datasets Set5, Set14 and BSDS100

    方法Set5Set14BSDS100
    Bicubic[2]1.971.801.47
    SRCNN[6]2.572.261.87
    ESPCN[33]2.892.522.01
    DRCN[37]3.262.842.12
    SRResNet[8]3.372.982.29
    SRGAN[8]3.583.723.56
    HR4.324.324.46
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  部分网络模型在各测试数据集上的运行时间对比

    Table  7  The comparison of running time of partial network models on each testing datasets

    方法深度学习框架CPU/GPU测试数据集上采样因子运行时间(s)
    SRCNN[6]CaffeCPUSet5×32.23
    VDSR[7]MatConvNetCPUSet5×30.13
    ESPCN[33]TheanoCPUSet14×30.26
    FSRCNN[13]CaffeCPUSet14×30.061
    LapSRN[47]MatConvNetGPUSet14×40.04
    MemNet[36]CaffeGPUSet5×30.4
    EnhanceNet[44]TensorflowGPUSet5×40.009
    MS-LapSRN[69]MatConvNetGPUUrban100×40.06
    ZSSR[77]GPUBSDS100×29
    Meta-SR[72]GPUBSDS100×20.033
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-12-17
  • 录用日期:  2020-06-11
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-02-04

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