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基于AMOWOA算法的区域综合能源系统运行优化调度

韩永明 王新鲁 耿志强 朱群雄 毕帅 张红斌

韩永明, 王新鲁, 耿志强, 朱群雄, 毕帅, 张红斌. 基于AMOWOA算法的区域综合能源系统运行优化调度. 自动化学报, 2022, 45(x): 1−13 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c211146
引用本文: 韩永明, 王新鲁, 耿志强, 朱群雄, 毕帅, 张红斌. 基于AMOWOA算法的区域综合能源系统运行优化调度. 自动化学报, 2022, 45(x): 1−13 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c211146
Han Yong-Ming, Wang Xin-Lu, Geng Zhi-Qiang, Zhu Qun-Xiong, Bi Shuai, Zhang Hong-Bin. Optimal scheduling for integrated energy system operation in commercial and residential areas based on AMOWOA algorithm. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2022, 45(x): 1−13 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c211146
Citation: Han Yong-Ming, Wang Xin-Lu, Geng Zhi-Qiang, Zhu Qun-Xiong, Bi Shuai, Zhang Hong-Bin. Optimal scheduling for integrated energy system operation in commercial and residential areas based on AMOWOA algorithm. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2022, 45(x): 1−13 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c211146

基于AMOWOA算法的区域综合能源系统运行优化调度

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c211146
基金项目: 此项工作得到国家自然科学基金项目(编号:21978013),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(编号:XK1802-4)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    韩永明:北京化工大学信息科学与技术学院教授. 2009年、2014年获得北京化工大学学士学位和博士学位. 主要研究方向知识图谱分析、神经网络、智能计算. E-mail:hanym@mail.buct.edu.cn

    王新鲁:2018年获得北京化工大学学士学位, 目前在北京化工大学攻读硕士学位, 主要研究方向食品安全风险预测预警、多目标优化. E-mail: wangxinlu_9102@126.com

    耿志强:北京化工大学信息科学与技术学院教授. 1997年、2002年获得郑州大学学士学位和硕士学位. 2005年获得北京化工大学博士学位. 主要研究为神经网络、智能计算、数据挖掘、知识管理与过程建模, 本文通信作者. E-mail: gengzhiqiang@mail.buct.edu.cn

    朱群雄:北京化工大学信息科学与技术学院教授. 现任智能过程系统工程教育部工程研究中心主任. 主要研究方向计算智能与工业应用、过程建模与系统优化、故障诊断与报警管理、虚拟现实与数字孪生等. E-mail: zhuqx@mail.buct.edu.cn

    毕帅:2021年获得北京化工大学硕士学位, 主要研究方向智能优化. E-mail:bishuai@vip.qq.com

    张红斌:博士, 国网经济技术研究院有限公司教授级高级工程师. 主要研究方向为智能配电网以及综合能源规划. E-mail: hongbin09172015@163.com

Optimal Scheduling for Integrated Energy System Operation in Commercial and Residential Areas Based on AMOWOA Algorithm

Funds: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21978013),the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. Xk1802-4)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    HAN Yong-Ming Ph. D. Professor, School of information science and technology, Beijing University of chemical technology. He received a bachelor's degree and a doctor's degree from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in 2009 and 2014 The main research fields are knowledge map analysis, neural network, intelligent computing, data mining and analysis

    WANG Xin-Lu received a bachelor's degree from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in 2018. At present, he is studying for a master's degree in Beijing University of chemical technology. His main research fields are food safety risk prediction and early warning and multi-objective optimization

    GENG Zhi-Qiang Professor, School of information science and technology, Beijing University of chemical technology. He received a bachelor's degree and a master's degree from Zhengzhou University in 1997 and 2002. He received a doctor's degree from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in 2005 The main research is neural network, intelligent computing, data mining, knowledge management and process modeling. Corresponding author of this paper

    ZHU Qun-Xiong Professor, School of information science and technology, Beijing University of chemical technology. At present, he is the director of Engineering Research Center of Intelligent PSE, Ministry of Education in China. His main research interests include computational intelligence and industrial applications, process modeling and system optimization, fault diagnosis and alarm management, virtual reality and digital twinning, etc

    BI Shuai He received a master's degree from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in 2021, and his main research direction is intelligent optimization

    ZHANG Hong-Bin Ph.D, Professor, State Grid Economic and Technological Research Institute Co., LTD. His research interest covers intelligent distribution network and integrated energy planning

  • 摘要: 如今智能优化算法已广泛应用于工程优化中,在当前多能耦合与互补的能源发展趋势下,以仅考虑系统经济指标的单目标优化模式已经不再适用于目前区域综合能源系统的运行优化调度,需要研究一种多目标运行策略来解决区域综合能源系统的运行优化调度问题.首先综合考虑经济与能源利用两个指标并结合商业住宅区域的特性,以系统日运行收益和一次能源利用率为优化目标构建了商业住宅区域综合能源系统多目标运行优化调度模型.其次由于传统多目标智能优化算法缺乏一种最优解综合评价方法,基于非支配排序以及拥挤度计算的多目标算法框架,提出了一种利用模糊一致矩阵选取全局最优解的多目标鲸鱼优化算法(AMOWOA),并将提出算法对商住区域综合能源系统多目标运行优化调度模型进行求解.最后以华东某商业住宅区域综合能源系统为例进行仿真,验证了该方法的有效性和可行性.
  • 图  1  商业住宅区域综合能源系统架构

    Fig.  1  Integrated energy system architecture for commercial residential area

    图  2  ZDT1优化结果

    Fig.  2  ZDT1 optimization results

    图  3  ZDT2优化结果

    Fig.  3  ZDT2 optimization results

    图  4  ZDT3优化结果

    Fig.  4  ZDT3 optimization results

    图  5  日均冷负荷与光伏预测功率曲线

    Fig.  5  Average daily cooling load and pv predicted power curve

    图  6  日均电负荷与日均热负荷曲线

    Fig.  6  Daily average electric load and daily average heat load curve

    图  7  Pareto分布对比

    Fig.  7  Pareto distribution of contrast

    图  8  结果对比

    Fig.  8  comparison of results

    图  9  优化前后内燃机出力对比

    Fig.  9  Optimize output comparison of internal combustion engines before and after

    图  10  储能设备负荷对比

    Fig.  10  Load comparison of energy storage equipment

    表  1  收敛度对比

    Table  1  Convergence contrast

    算法 指标 ZDT1 ZDT2 ZDT3
    AMOWOA M 9.41${\times{10^{-4}}}$ 9.59${\times{10^{-4}}}$ 9.68${\times{10^{-4}}}$
    V 2.26${\times{10^{-5}}}$ 3.41${\times{10^{-5}}}$ 2.16${\times{10^{-5}}}$
    NSGA-II M 9.79${\times{10^{-4}}}$ 9.68${\times{10^{-4}}}$ 9.84${\times{10^{-4}}}$
    V 4.88${\times{10^{-5}}}$ 5.84${\times{10^{-5}}}$ 3.63${\times{10^{-5}}}$
    MOPSO M 9.46${\times{10^{-4}}}$ 1.42${\times{10^{-3}}}$ 9.73${\times{10^{-4}}}$
    V 3.42${\times{10^{-5}}}$ 8.26${\times{10^{-5}}}$ 3.79${\times{10^{-5}}}$
    PESA-II M 1.05${\times{10^{-3}}}$ 7.40${\times{10^{-4}}}$ 7.89${\times{10^{-3}}}$
    V 0.00 0.00 1.10${\times{10^{-4}}}$
    NSPSO M 6.42${\times{10^{-3}}}$ 9.51${\times{10^{-3}}}$ 4.91${\times{10^{-3}}}$
    V 0.00 0.00 0.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  多样度对比

    Table  2  Diversity contrast

    算法 指标 ZDT1 ZDT2 ZDT3
    AMOWOA M 0.6556 0.7468 0.7908
    V 0.02109 0.03116 0.02679
    NSGA-II M 0.7447 0.8729 0.7876
    V 0.02901 0.05793 0.06771
    MOPSO M 0.7525 0.9386 0.9517
    V 0.03574 0.06475 0.01563
    PESA-II M 0.8481 0.8929 1.2273
    V 0.00287 0.0574 0.0293
    NSPSO M 0.907 0.922 0.0621
    V 0.00 1.20${\times{10^{-4}}}$ 6.90${\times{10^{-4}}}$
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  设备规格

    Table  3  Specification of equipment

    设备 配置容量 能效系数(COP)
    内燃机 10 000 kW
    光伏 7 100 kW
    电制冷机 2 000 kW 3.1
    热泵 5 000 kW 4.4热/5冷
    溴化锂余 8 000 kW 1.0
    热机组
    蓄电池 6 000 kWh 0.9(充/放)
    储热设备 5 000 kWh 0.9(充/放)
    储冷设备 2 000 kWh 0.9(充/放)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  模型参数

    Table  4  Model parameter

    参数 数值
    内燃机电效率 0.4133
    内燃机热效率 0.4054
    内燃机燃料热耗率 7 962.726 kJ/kWh
    电网输电效率 0.92
    发电厂发电效率 0.37
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  初始运行条件

    Table  5  Initial operating conditions

    时段 内燃机出力(kW)
    1(0:00-4:00) 4 000
    2(4:00-8:00) 4 000
    3(8:00-12:00) 8 000
    4(12:00-16:00) 8 000
    5(16:00-20:00) 8 000
    6(20:00-0:00) 4 000
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-03
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-29

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