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平行医院: 从医院信息管理系统到智慧医院操作系统

王拥军 王飞跃 王戈 王晓 王伊龙 李瑞

王拥军, 王飞跃, 王戈, 王晓, 王伊龙, 李瑞. 平行医院: 从医院信息管理系统到智慧医院操作系统. 自动化学报, 2021, 47(11): 2585−2599 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210697
引用本文: 王拥军, 王飞跃, 王戈, 王晓, 王伊龙, 李瑞. 平行医院: 从医院信息管理系统到智慧医院操作系统. 自动化学报, 2021, 47(11): 2585−2599 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210697
Wang Yong-Jun, Wang Fei-Yue, Wang Ge, Wang Xiao, Wang Yi-Long, Li Rui. Parallel hospitals: From hospital information system (HIS) to hospital smart operating system (HSOS). Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 47(11): 2585−2599 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210697
Citation: Wang Yong-Jun, Wang Fei-Yue, Wang Ge, Wang Xiao, Wang Yi-Long, Li Rui. Parallel hospitals: From hospital information system (HIS) to hospital smart operating system (HSOS). Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 47(11): 2585−2599 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210697

平行医院: 从医院信息管理系统到智慧医院操作系统

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210697
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61533019)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王拥军:主任医师, 教授. 现任北京天坛医院院长、神经病学中心主任,国家神经系统疾病临床医学研究中心副主任, 国家卫健委神经内科质量控制中心主任, 中国卒中学会常务副会长. 主要研究方向为脑血管病规范化诊疗技术创新, 国家脑血管病防控体系建设. E-mail: yongjunwang@ncrcnd.org.cn

    王飞跃:中国科学院自动化研究所研究员, 复杂系统管理与控制国家重点实验室主任, 中国科学院大学中国经济与社会安全研究中心主任. 主要研究方向为平行系统的方法与应用, 社会计算, 平行智能以及知识自动化. 本文通信作者.E-mail: feiyue.wang@ia.ac.cn

    王戈:中国澳门科技大学系统工程研究所博士研究生. 主要研究方向为联邦治理, 分布式自治组织, 平行智能系统. E-mail: wangg@cash capital.cn

    王晓:中国科学院自动化研究所复杂系统管理与控制国家重点实验室副研究员, 青岛智能产业技术研究院院长. 2016 年获得中国科学院大学社会计算博士学位. 主要研究方向为社会交通, 动态网群组织, 平行智能和社交网络分析. E-mail: x.wang@ia.ac.cn

    王伊龙:主任医师, 教授. 主要研究方向为脑小血管病临床研究.E-mail: yilongwang528@163.com

    李瑞:副研究员. 主要研究方向为医院信息化建设. E-mail: 375743499@qq.com

Parallel Hospitals: From Hospital Information System (HIS) to Hospital Smart Operating System (HSOS)

Funds: Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (61533019)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    WANG Yong-Jun  Chief physician, professor. Director of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, the Chairman of Neurology Center and the Vice Chairman of China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases. He is Director of Quality Control Center of Neurology Department, National Health and Family Planning Commission, Executive Vice President of Chinese Stroke Association. His research interest covers tandardized diagnosis and treatment technology of cerebrovascular diseases, and construction of cerebrovascular disease prevention and control system

    WANG Fei-Yue Professor at the Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, director of the State Key Laboratory for Management and Control of Systems, director of China Economic and Social Security Research Center at University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. His research interest covers theories, methods, and applications for robotics, parallel systems, social computing, parallel intelligence, and knowledge automation Corresponding author of this paper

    WANG Ge Ph. D. candidate at the Institute of Systems Engineering, Macau University of Science and Technology, China. His research interest covers federated governance, smart contracts, distributed autonomous organization (DAO), parallel intelligence

    WANG Xiao Associate professor at the State Key Laboratory for Management and Control of Systems, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, president of Qingdao Academy of Intelligent Industries. She received her Ph. D. degree in social computing from University of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2016. Her research interest covers social transportation, cyber movement organizations, parallel intelligence, and social network analysis

    WANG Yi-Long Chief physician, professor. His research interest covers clinical study of cerebrovascular disease

    LI Rui Associate researcher. His research interest covers hospital information construction

  • 摘要: 本文旨在提出一个智慧化时代的集智能化管理、智能化运营与智能化诊疗为一体的智慧医院解决方案, 即基于平行医学的平行医院. 平行医院以虚实互动的平行思想为核心理念, 以突出人以及其社会因素的信息物理社会系统(CPSS)作为基础设施, 以人工场景(Artificial scene), 计算实验(Computational experiments)和平行执行(Parallel execution)为一体的ACP平行智能理论为指导构建虚实交互的新一代智慧化医院管理系统. 本文对比指出了当前信息系统存在的缺陷, 提出了智慧医院操作系统的概念对医院的资源进行逻辑化统一管理, 重点介绍了对医院不同设备以及建筑等硬件设施的数字化、虚拟化及其交互联动, 参与人员数字化与虚拟化及其虚实交互的智能化系统构建. 在医院操作系统的应用层, 基于ACP理论的智慧医院操作系统通过虚实交互的智能化运行模式, 最终落实闭环、反馈、精准的收敛. 我们通过对天坛医院的平行医院实践案例 — 天坛智慧大脑进行案例分析, 印证了本文所提出的智慧医院操作系统的可行性与科学性.
    1)  收稿日期 2021-07-22 录用日期 2021-10-18 Manuscript received July 22, 2021; accepted October 18, 2021 国家自然科学基金(61533019) 资助 Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (61533019) 本文责任编委 李力 Recommended by Associate Editor LI Li 1. 首都医科大学附属北京天坛医院 北京 100070 中国 2. 中国科学院自动化研究所复杂系统管理与控制国家重点实验室 北京 100190 中国 3. 青岛智能产业技术研究院 青岛 266109 中国
    2)  4. 中国科学院大学人工智能学院 北京 100049 中国 5. 澳门科技大学系统工程研究所 澳门 999078 中国 1. Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100070, China 2. State Key Laboratory for Management andControl of Complex Systems, Institute of Automation, ChineseAcademy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China 3. Qingdao Academyof IntelligentIndustries, Qingdao 266109, China 4. School ofArtificial Intelligence, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049, China 5. Institute of Systems Engineering, Macau University of Science and Technology,  Macau 999078, China
  • 图  1  医院信息系统

    Fig.  1  Hospital information system

    图  2  医院操作系统

    Fig.  2  Hospital operating system

    图  3  平行系统的基本框架

    Fig.  3  Basic structure of parallel system

    图  4  平行医院整体架构

    Fig.  4  Basic structure of parallel hospital

    图  5  知识图谱示意图

    Fig.  5  The diagram of knowledge graph

    图  6  基于ACP的智能化诊疗流程

    Fig.  6  Intelligent diagnosis process based on ACP theory

    图  7  基于ACP的平行手术流程

    Fig.  7  Parallel operations based on ACP theory

    图  8  基于ACP的智能化护理系统

    Fig.  8  Intelligent nursing process based on ACP theory

    图  9  天坛大脑启动仪式暨公立医院精细化管理交流活动[40]

    Fig.  9  Tiantan brain launch ceremony and public hospital refined management exchanges[40]

    图  10  天坛大脑

    Fig.  10  Tiantan Brain

    图  11  人工认证: 一种基于区块链的隐私联邦学习框架[43]

    Fig.  11  Artificial identification: A novel privacy framework for federated learning based on blockchain[43]

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